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The Redwood National and State Parks (RNSP) are old-growth temperate rainforests located in the United States, along the coast of northern California.
The Redwood National and State Parks (RNSP)?
Comprising Redwood National Park and California’s Del Norte Coast, Jedediah Smith, and Prairie Creek Redwoods State Parks, the combined RNSP contain 139,000 acres (560 km2). Located entirely within Del Norte and Humboldt Counties, the four parks, together, protect 45% of all remaining coast redwood old-growth forests, totaling at least 38,982 acres (157.75 km2). These trees are the tallest and one of the most massive tree species on Earth.
In recognition of the rare ecosystem and cultural history found in the parks, the United Nations designated them a World Heritage Site in 1980 and part of the California Coast Ranges International Biosphere Reserve in 1983.
The ecosystems of RNSP preserve a number of rare animal species. Numerous ecosystems exist, with seacoast, river, prairie, and densely forested zones all within the park. The tidewater goby is a federally listed endangered species that live near the Pacific coastline. The bald eagle, which usually nests near a water source, is listed as a state of California endangered species. The Chinook salmon, northern spotted owl, and Steller’s sea lion are a few of the other animal species that are threatened.
Currently, there are over 200 exotic species known to live in Redwood National and State Parks. Of these thirty have been identified as invasive species, ten of these are considered threats to local species and ecosystems. Exotic species currently account for about a quarter of the total flora in the parks.
Image : By Wilson Ye
Text : Wikipedia contributors. “Redwood National and State Parks.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 11 Oct. 2017. Web. 27 Oct. 2017.