The long-nosed monkey, easily indentifiable because of its unusually large nose

The long-nosed monkey, easily indentifiable because of its unusually large nose Culture's Ways

The long-nosed monkey or proboscis monkey, is a reddish-brown arboreal Old World monkey with an unusually large nose. It is endemic to the southeast Asian island of Borneo.

 

What is the long-nosed monkey?

The long-nosed monkey species co-exists with the Bornean orangutan. The monkey also goes by the Indonesian name “Dutch monkey”, or even “Dutchman”, as Indonesians remarked that the Dutch colonisers often had similarly large bellies and noses.

The proboscis monkey is a large species, being one of the largest monkey species native to Asia. Only the Tibetan macaque and a few of the gray langurs can rival its size.

Conservation status

The long-nosed monkey is protected by a number law. It is assessed as endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and listed in Appendix I of CITES. Its total population has decreased by more than 50% in the past 36–40 years to 2008 due to ongoing habitat loss because of logging and oil palm plantations, and hunting in some areas due to the species being treated as a delicacy, as well as its use in traditional Chinese medicine. The population is fragmente and can be found in 16 protected areas.

Range and habitat

The proboscis monkey is endemic to the island of Borneo and can be found on all three nations that divide the island: Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia. It is most common in coastal areas and along rivers. This species is restricted to lowland habitats that may experience tides.
 It is perhaps the most aquatic of the primates and is a fairly good swimmer, capable of swimming up to 20 m (66 ft) underwater. It is known to swim across rivers. Aside from this, the proboscis monkey is largely arboreal and moves quadrupedally and by leaps. It is known to jump off branches and descend into water.

Image: By Charlesjsharp – Own work, from Sharp Photography, sharpphotography, CC BY-SA 4.0
Text: Wikipedia contributors. “Proboscis monkey.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 29 Aug. 2017. Web. 30 Sep. 2017.

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