“There is only one happiness in this life, to love and be loved.” George Sand
Who was George Sand?
Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin (1804 – 1876), best known by her pseudonym George Sand was a French novelist and memoirist. She is equally well known for her much publicized romantic affairs with a number of artists, including the composer and pianist Frédéric Chopin and the writer Alfred de Musset.
In 1822, at the age of eighteen, Sand married Casimir Dudevant, illegitimate son of Baron Jean-François Dudevant. In early 1831, she left her husband and entered upon a four- or five-year period of “romantic rebellion.”
Later in life, she corresponded with Gustave Flaubert, and despite their differences in temperament and aesthetic preference, they eventually became close friends. She engaged in an intimate friendship with actress Marie Dorval, which led to widespread but unconfirmed rumours of a lesbian affair.
A liaison with the writer Jules Sandeau heralded her literary debut. They published a few stories in collaboration, signing them “Jules Sand”. In addition, Sand authored literary criticism and political texts. Because of her early life, she sided with the poor and working class as well as women’s rights. When the 1848 Revolution began, she was an ardent republican. Sand started her own newspaper, which was published in a workers’ co-operative.