The Automated Transfer Vehicle, originally Ariane Transfer Vehicle or ATV, was an expendable cargo spacecraft developed by the European Space Agency (ESA). ATVs supplied the International Space Station (ISS) with propellant, water, air, payloads, and experiments. ATVs also reboosted the station into a higher orbit.
Five ATVs, Jules Verne, Johannes Kepler, Edoardo Amaldi, Albert Einstein, and Georges Lemaître were launched, with the first in March 2008. On 2 April 2012 the ESA announced that the ATV program would end
after the fifth ATV was launched in 2014.
Further developments of the ATV have been studied by the European Space Agency and Airbus Defence and Space. ESA member states decided in 2012 that the ATV would be adapted to serve as the service module of the NASA Orion spacecraft. In January 2013, the ESA and NASA announced the combined Orion and ATV derived service module.
Text: Wikipedia contributors. “Automated Transfer Vehicle.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 17 Jul. 2016. Web. 1 Aug. 2016.
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